The course of study comprises 20 modules. Each semester, you will earn 20 ECTS points (credits), divided between 2-3 modules. The proseminar courses are an important and integral part of the curriculum. Thus, the B Sc in Mathematics degree encompasses 180 ECTS points.
The course takes an average of 4½ years.

In our experience, studying mathematics takes time and patience, as new mathematical concepts have to be learnt, practised and mastered. The time and commitment required to follow a mathematics course should not be underestimated and is usually around 30 hours per week.

Our bridging course and the way we design our modules are intended to (re)introduce you to the subject matter and make the best use of your weekly study time.

Mandatory modules

ECTS10
Repetition of Modulespring and autumn semester
Target AudienceStudents from semester 1
Description

Students will acquire basic competences in algorithmically oriented mathematics.

• Basics – Sets, Functions, Numbers, Absolute Value and Matlab I

• Induction, Relations and Matlab II

• Groups, Construction of Z, Minimum and Maximum and Matlab III

• Floating-Point Representation, Cancellation of Leading Digits and b-adic Representation

• Practical Floating-Point system

• Condition Number and Landau Symbol

• Polynomial interpolation

• Divided differences

• Linear systems and Gaußian elimination

• LU-decomposition and Matrix norms

• Stability of Gaußian elimination

• Symmetry and Cholesky

• Linear independence and Orthogonality

• Cubic Splines

• Approximation and Normal equations

Reading recommendations

Mandatory literature:

Class script

Additional literature/special activities:

- The most fitting literature is the following: www.schulthess.com/buchshop/detail/ISBN9783642419515/Harbrecht-Helmut-Multerer-Michael/Algorithmische-Mathematik, but it is currently only available in German. A translation into English is planned in the future. The class script, provided in English, will cover the necessary content for this class.

- Otto Forster, Analysis I

- Gilbert Strang, Linear Algebra

- Stephen Abbott, Understanding Analysis (Second Edition)

- Kenneth A. Ross, Elementary Analysis (Second Edition)

- H.-D. Ebbinghaus, Numbers

- Walter Rudin, Principles of Mathematical Analysis (Third Edition)

- Allen B. Downey, Think Python (Second Edition)

- Timothy Sauer, Numerical Analysis (Second Edition)

- Matlab (officially supported) or Octave

- Tablet for writing (e.g., HP Envy, Lenovo Yoga , Microsoft Surface, Wacom Intuos, Samsung Galaxy Tab, iPad, etc.)

(Stand FS22)

Lecturer

Portrait of Rolf Krause
Rolf Krause

Assistants

Liudmila Karagyaur
Portrait de Samuel Cruz
Samuel Cruz

ECTS10
Repetition of Modulespring and autumn semester
Target AudienceStudents from semester 1
Description

Students acquire basic competences in discrete structures, probability theory and basic statistics. The topics are

• Logic and Sets

• Sorting algorithms and complexity

• Graphs and trees

• Graph colouring and algorithms on graphs

• Probability spaces and probability

• Conditional probability and independency

• Random variables and discrete distributions

• Expectation and variance

• Elementary statistics

• Random number generators and simulation

Reading recommendations

Mandatory literature:

Class script

Additional literature/special activities:

- H. Harbrecht and M. Multerer, Algorithmische Mathematik. Graphen, Numerik und Probabilistik, Springer

- B. Korte and C. Vygen, Combinatorial Optimization, Springer

- U. Krengel, Einführung in die Wahrscheinlichkeitstheorie und Statistik, Vieweg

(Stand FS22)

Lecturer

Helmut Harbrecht

Assistants

Portraitfoto von Ilja Kalmykov
Ilja Kalmykov

ECTS10
Repetition of Modulespring and autumn semester
Target AudienceStudents from semester 2
Description

The student learns the basics of one-dimensional calculus.

Content:

- construction of the real numbers,

- sequences (convergence and convergence criteria),

- series (convergence and convergence criteria),

- functions of one real variable,

- continuity, uniform and Lipschitz continuity,

- complex numbers,

- function types: exponential, logarithm, sine, cosine, …

- differentiability and differentiation, differentiation rules,

- introductory examples for an ordinary differential equation (exp(x)),

- Taylor’s theorem,

- Riemann-Integral, fundamental theorem of calculus,

- function sequences, uniform convergence.

Reading recommendations

Mandatory literature:

Lecture notes provided by the lecturer.

(Stand FS22)

Professor

Portrait of Matthias Voigt
Matthias Voigt

Assistants

Portrait of Nikolaos Tsipinakis
Nikolaos Tsipinakis

ECTS8
Repetition of Modulespring and autumn semester
Target AudienceStudents from semester 2
Description

Students acquire basic competences in linear algebra:

• Fields and complex numbers

• Matrices and vectors

• Matrix products

• Subspaces

• Linear independence and bases

• Dimension

• Matrices and linear maps

• Change of basis

• Determinants (characterization, existence, properties, permutations)

• Endomorphisms (trace, eigenvalues and eigenvectors)

• Groups and linear group actions, quotient vector spaces

Reading recommendations

Mandatory literature:

Course Lecture Notes (available on Moodle)

Additional literature/special activities:

- M. Artin, Algebra

- G. Strang, Introduction to Linear Algebra

(Stand FS22)

Lecturer

Assistants

Portrait of Micha Wasem
Micha Wasem
Portrait of Lukas Poerschke
Lukas Poerschke

ECTS10
Repetition of Modulespring and autumn semester
Target AudienceStudents from semester 3
Description

The student learns how to differentiate and integrate functions in several variables.

Content:

- Normed, metric, and topological spaces,

- convergence in metric spaces,

- compactness,

- differentiability and differentiation of functions in several variables,

- classical differential operators (nabla, rot, curl),

- implicit function theorem,

- measure theory,

- Lebesgue integration and L^p spaces,

- Integral theorems

Reading recommendations

Mandatory literature:

Lecture notes provided by the lecturer.

Additional literature/special activities:

Books mentioned in the lecture notes.

(Stand FS22)

Professor

Portrait of Matthias Voigt
Matthias Voigt

Assistants

Martin Troussard
Portrait of Nikolaos Tsipinakis
Nikolaos Tsipinakis

ECTS8
Repetition of Modulespring and autumn semester
Target AudienceStudents from semester 3
Description

Students acquire basic competences in linear algebra:

• Inner products

• orthonormal bases

• Self adjoint endomorphism

• Quadratic forms

• Hermitian inner products

• Jordan normal form

• Duality

• (If time permits) tensor products

Reading recommendations

Mandatory literature:

Course Lecture Notes (available on Moodle)

Additional literature/special activities:

- M. Artin, Algebra

- G. Strang, Introduction to Linear Algebra

(Stand FS22)

Professor

Portrait of Thomas Mettler
Thomas Mettler

Assistants

Portrait of Micha Wasem
Micha Wasem

ECTS8
Repetition of Moduleautumn semester
Target AudienceStudents from semesters 4 and 5
Description

Description: This lecture gives an introduction into function theory and functional analysis

Content: Function theory: analytical functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, properties of analytical functions, singu-larities, residue theorem Functional analysis: normed pscaes, dual, bounded and linear mappings (functionals), fixed point theorems, Hahn-Banach, Reflexivity, Hilbertspaces, Orthonormalbases and Fourier series, Theorem of Riesz, Lax-Milgram, adjoint operators, compact operators.

Lecturer

ECTS6
Repetition of Moduleautumn semester
Target AudienceStudents from semesters 4 and 5
Description

Description: This lecture gives an introduction to the mathematical theorey of stochastics

Content: Probability measures, probability spaces, random variables, distributions (normal, hypergeometric, Poissson, ...), density, Chebycheff, expectation, variance, moments, correlation, central limit theorem, Monte-Carlo methods, Markov-chains.

Lecturer

ECTS6
Repetition of Moduleautumn semester
Target AudienceStudents from semesters 4 and 5
Description

Description: This lecture introduces fundamental numerical methods

Content: Condition number, Interpolation, approximation, direct solution methods, matrix factorization, singular value decomposition, adaptivity.

Lecturer

ECTS8
Repetition of Modulespring semester
Target AudienceStudents from semesters 4 and 5
Description

Description: This lecture introduces basic concepts for the mathematical modelling of physical, chemical, and biological pro-cesses and engineering applications.

Content: Differential equations (ordinary and pertail differential equations) from a modelling point of view, heat equa-tion, mechanics, acoustics, fluids, conservation laws, balance equations, molecular dynamics, discrete Models (Ising), graph-based Models, stochastic Models (markov chains).

Lecturer

ECTS12
Repetition of Modulespring semester
Target AudienceStudents from semesters 4 and 5
Description

Description: The student learns the basic algebraic structures. This course is about the basic algebraic structures, such as groups, rings, algebras and modules. These notion and their properties will be used in analysis, differential geomet-ry, number theory, topology, etc., but they will also appear in several other areas.

Content: Groups, homomorphisms of groups, kernel and quotients, finite groups, rings and ideals, integral domains and field of fractions, polynomial rings, algebras, modules over rings, finite generation and Noetherian properties, basics from algebraic geometry.

Lecturer

ECTS10
Repetition of Moduleautumn semester
Target AudienceStudents from semesters 6 and 7
Description

Description: This lectures gives an overview on theory and numerics for dynamical systems governed by ordinary differential equations.

Content: Picard-Lindelöff, Initial Value Problems, Existence, uniqueness of solutions, smoothness of solutions,lineare ODEs, stability, attractors, differential algebraic equations (DAEs), one-step methods, stability of numerical methods, stiff/non-stiff OFEs, Runge-Kutta methods, step-size control and global error, multi-step methods, collocation, multiple shooting, symplectic integrators, numerical methods for DAEs, parallel-in-tome methods (e.g. parareal).

Lecturer

ECTS10
Repetition of Moduleautumn semester
Target AudienceStudents from semesters 6 and 7
Description

M13a Geometry

Projective geometry and the study of curves in the plane or surfaces in the space is a classical field in mathematics and an active area of research with a lot of beautiful results. The classification of quadrics and elliptic curves is a first step in the theory, followed by the study of intersections and singularities.

 

M13b Number theory

This is a very classical subject, starting with the field of rational numbers and its extensions, called number fields. A first highlight is Galois Theory, setting up a beautiful interaction between number fields and groups. Modern number theory is still one of the main research areas in mathematics. On the other hand, elementary number theory plays a fundamental role in cryptology and communication.

Lecturer

ECTS7
Repetition of Modulespring semester
Target AudienceStudents from semesters 6 and 7
Description

Description: This lecture gives an introduction to Differential Geometry

Content: Curves, manifolds, tangential space, vector fields, tangent bundles, symplectic forms. Total differential, Theorem of Stokes, Lie-groups.

Lecturer

ECTS6
Repetition of Modulespring semester
Target AudienceStudents from semesters 6 and 7
Description

M15a Topology

Description: This lecture gives an introduction to general topology or in Algebraic Topology. Topology is concerned with properties of geometrical objects that are preserved under continuous deformations. The abstract setting is a topological space and its behaviour under continuous maps. In the algebraic topology one can attach to a topological spaces algebraic objects, such as the homology groups or the fundamental group, which allows to distinguish topological spaces

Content: Topological Spaces, topologies, continuous mappings, separation axioms, filter, compactness, compactification, metrization

 

M15b Theory of Groups

The theory of groups and their representations appears in many fields in mathematics and also plays an important role in theoretical physics, e.g. in quantum mechanics and recently in quantum computing. Symmetries can be described by groups. Typical examples are the platonic solids which correspond to finite symmetry groups in space, and the crystallographic groups in space used for the classification of crystals.

 

M15c Combinatorics

Combinatorics is mainly concerned with enumerating and counting, and with structures on finite sets. It has many applications, in particular in statistics and computer science. Combinatorial problems arise in many areas of mathe-matics, e.g. in algebra, topology and in group theory. A classical subject is graph theory, going back to the 18th century.

 

Lecturer

ECTS7
Repetition of Modulespring semester
Target AudienceStudents from semesters 6 and 7
Description

Description: The course gives an introduction in Optimization and Machine Learning.

Content: Minima, stationary points, convex minimization, unconstrained minimization, KKT conditions, constraints (equality/inequality), Trust-region methods, SQP, BFGS, CG, linear Programing, Simplex, interior point, learning, supervised, unsupervised, re-inforcement learning, neuronal nets, convolutional networks, autoencoder, u-net, stochastic gradient method, backpropagation, accelerated gradient methods

Lecturer

ECTS14
Repetition of Moduleautumn semester
Target AudienceStudents from semesters 8 and 9
Description

Description: This lecture gives an introduction to the theory and numerics of partial differential equations (PDEs) and includes an integrated Lab.

Content: Definition of PDEs, clasification, boundary value problems, Sobolev spaces, elliptic problems, Poisson equation, heat equation, Green’s function, fundamental solution, weak formulation, solution, Lax-Milagram, Finite differences, finite elements, parabolic problems, stability, eigenfunctions, Fouriersolutions, method of Lines, Rothe’s method, advection, characteristics, hyperbolic equations, stability of finite diffrenece schemes, CFL-condition, conservation laws, finite Volume, error estimators, adaptivity, space-time formulations.

 

Integrated Lab

Content: Finite Differences, Finite Elements, mesh generation, non-linear finite elements, boundary conditions, a simple geometric multigrid, visualization.

Lecturer

ECTS6
Repetition of Modulespring semester
Target AudienceStudents from semesters 8 and 9
Description

The Module may content special topics from the fields of Algebraic Geometry, Geometry, Theory of Groups, Representation Theory of Groups, Number Theory, Topology or Combinatorics.

Lecturer

ECTS10
Repetition of Modulespring semester
Target AudienceStudents from semesters 8 and 9
Description

Students can choose from a catalogue of modules from the study courses of the other Faculties offered by FernUni Schweiz. The available modules from the Faculties of Economics, Psychology, Law and History are published every semester. The modules are given in the language of the study course.

Lecturer

ECTS10
Repetition of Modulespring and autumn semester
Target AudienceStudents from semesters 8 and 9
Description

This two-semester module consists of a seminar followed by a bachelor thesis. In the guided seminar, students will read, summarize, and present a mathematically advanced paper with the aim to consolidate the essential competence of mathematicians: “Comprehend – Transmit – Write up”. This is the basis for the bachelor thesis.

Lecturer

ECTS2
Repetition of Modulespring and autumn semester
Target AudienceStudents from semester 2
Description

Students will learn to work with scientific content and prepare it for written papers or oral presentations. The focus is primarily on presentation and oral communication skills in mathematics. The content may encompass any of the topics from module M01 through M04.

An additional attendance day is mandatory, the content of which may encompass any topic treated thus far.

Professor

Portrait of Matthias Voigt
Matthias Voigt

ECTS2
Repetition of Modulespring and autumn semester
Target AudienceStudents from semester 3
Description

Students will deepen their acquired skills and competencies from Proseminar I. More demanding topics will be treat-ed more extensively, encompassing any of the topics from module M01 through M06.

An additional attendance day is mandatory, the content of which may encompass any topic treated thus far.

Professor

Portrait of Thomas Mettler
Thomas Mettler

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