Les projets de la faculté d'économie
- Project « Linguistics and time preferences: The role of language in shaping intertemporal choices »
Using individual incentivized preference measures of French and German speakers - two languages that differ in their encoding of time - from a bilingual region of Switzerland, we study whether the encoding of time in a language and future-oriented behavior is driven by a universal difference in discount rates across language groups, or rather due to differences in present-bias, that is, short-run discounting only.
- Project « Pro-social behavior in minority and majority groups »
We study the cooperative behaviour of individuals when minority and majority groups co-exist. A situation that, when studied from a decontextualized perspective, exists in many different situations, such as, political parties, migration flows, team composition within a company, decentralization process, and differences in terms of linguistics, ethnicity, religion and culture within a country.
- Project « Dynamic behavioral patterns in strategic alliances: An experiment »
When faced with adverse events or unforeseen circumstances, alliance managers can rely on a set of response strategies - set of reactions - to overcome these unfavorable situations. Our objective is to study, by means of a laboratory experiment, dynamic behavioural patterns in strategic alliances once partners have reached an initial agreement.
- Project «Power to the foreign people? What drivers the enfranchisement of non-citizens in Switzerland»
Switzerland is (together with Liechtenstein and some U.S. states) the only country in which enfranchisement decisions are taken by the actual electorate via referendum votes and not by the national parliament. As yet, this leads to a set of 40 referendum votes on the enfranchisement of non-citizens. This project explores a new dataset covering the referendum votes disaggregated at the municipality level.
- Project «Effects of enfranchising non-citizens in Switzerland»
This project combines new data about the enfranchisement process of non-citizens with individual and aggregated data about citizens’ attitudes toward non-citizens and their perception of democracy. We find evidence that citizens seem to be more sceptical toward additional migration, yet show a tendency to reduce ethnocentric attitudes toward noncitizens residing in Switzerland and are more satisfied with democracy once non-citizen are granted the right to vote in their district.
- Project «Political devaluation? Lessons from emancipating women in politics»
In our empirical analysis we follow a difference in differences framework. We use a detailed dataset on the enfranchisement of Swiss women on the municipality level and combine it with data on cantonal and national election results.
- Project « Communication and coordination in a two-stage game »
We test experimentally whether individuals can avoid a head-to-head confrontation by means of coordinated strategies. In particular, we analyse whether and how quickly a conflict-avoidance take turns strategy can emerge.
- Project « Does decentralization of decisions increase the stability of large groups? »
Using a laboratory experiment, we study the stability of large groups, composed of several smaller groups, when decisions can be made at the level of the large group and at the levels of the smaller groups. In our setting, individuals have the option to separate, according to the degree of decentralization of decision-making. Our results show that increasing the number of decisions made at a lower level, within a smaller group, reduces the likelihood of individuals favoring a configuration where the large group is not included.
- Project « The impact of within-party and between-party ideological dispersion on fiscal outcomes: evidence from Swiss cantonal parliaments »
We study if and how parliament members’ ideology affects public spending in Switzerland.